Our body needs the proper macro and micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals to function well. Because it works every day and performs different tasks, therefore, it needs macro and micronutrients that help our body. Such as a continuous supply of oxygen to the body cells is making it for sure. That the immune system is functioning well. And it is ready to fight against the harmful attackers for our bodies.
Therefore, our body needs some specific nutrients to carry out all of its functions. However, most of the building blocks and the fuel for our body come from different sources such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. And all these nutrients that our body needs, come from the food we eat. Each particular process and function require a delicate amount of nutrients known as micronutrients.
Difference between Macro and Micronutrients
Macro-nutrients are those nutrients that come from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. We call them Macro because our body needs a large amount of these nutrients. Macro-nutrients are the main sources of energy. And play an important role in the metabolic and structural functioning of our bodies.
For example, proteins make our muscle construction blocks and fat. It is necessary to prepare and maintain the healthy work of our minds. Water is also considered a macro-nutrients. However, this is a special matter. The reason is that even though we do not get water, energy (calories). Yet we need large quantities to live and be healthy.
Micronutrients are generally known as vitamins and minerals. These are nutritious ingredients that require our bodies to work properly. Contrary to macro-nutrients, do not provide micro-nutrient energy, but are present in many functions maintaining our health. Help us to produce energy for our body, work our immune system well. And maintain our skin, muscle, and health of bones. Because our body cannot produce most vitamins and minerals. Or at least are not enough to meet our needs – we need to get them regularly through our diet.
How many micronutrients do our bodies need?
To keep us healthy, how much amounts of vitamins and minerals are dependent on our age, gender, and physical condition. The values that monitor nutrition references are known as nutritional reference values.
In simple words, DRVs are estimated that how many micronutrients are needed on a daily basis for proper development, growth, and health of different population groups. However, DRVs should not be understood by nutritional goals. They use professionals to provide specific individuals or groups with proper nutrition advice.
Many countries use DRVs to set their nutrition recommendations, such as other factors such as the traditional food or sunlight periods. Therefore, implementing your country’s micronutrients is the most secure way to meet your vitamins and minerals, without the risk of being too much. So, what happens if we have a specific vitamin or minerals too little or too much?
What happens when we take insufficient micronutrients?
The deficiency of vitamins or minerals occurs when the recommendations of the relevant micro-nutrient are not taken for a long time. As a result, there are usually health-specific issues, which can often be resolved by recovering the level of the micro-nutrient in the body. For example, the lowest level of iron prevents our body from creating blood cells to keep our body healthy, which causes anemia. Anemia is the world’s most common disease that is due to the lack of nutrition. It is especially during pregnancy and childhood because it can seriously affect the development and growth of the child.
There may be other causes for deficiency in addition to low amounts of food. In some cases, it can be related to health conditions that affect the absorption of nutrients in the intestines. For example, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, diarrhea or ultimate periods of vomiting, or chronic alcohol are the major causes of deficiency of proper nutrients. Secondly, it can also be due to the use of genetic disorders or medicines that affect the level of micronutrients in our bodies.
Some people suffer more than vitamins and minerals, due to more needs or the chances of getting through their food. Although for all ages, our diet must keep a good balance of all micronutrients, but some steps are when less food can affect us more.